Every year, Navratri is celebrated during Aswin month of the Hindu calendar. It consists of two words Nav and ratra meaning nine nights as it is celebrated for nights consecutively. The festival is fully dedicated to the nine important forms of Goddess Durga. Devotees pay homage to nine aspect of Goddess through ritual and singing hymns for nine nights.
Maa Durga is considered one of the most powerful and supreme Goddesses in the Hindu religion. It is a symbol of creative energy and feminine body. She is our eternal mother having immense power and energy and considered a part of trinity-Saraswati, Parvati, and Lakshmi. Thus, during the Navratri festival, the other Goddesses are also worshipped by the devotees to get their blessing as well.
During the ritual, the energy and power of Mata Durga are worshipped. On the first day, a girl child is worshipped which is followed by worshipping Parvati as young woman on second day and Kali as mature women on third day. From 4 to 6th day, puja is performed to worship Mata Lakshmi- the goddess of peace and prosperity. But, Saraswati is also invoked on the fifth day and it is termed as Lalita Panchami. On 7th day, Saraswati is worshipped and pray to provide us knowledge for spiritual gain. Special yagna is performed with sacrifices and bid farewell to Maa Durga. The celebration culminates on ninth day with the worshipping of nine girl children as nine forms of eternal mother.
For nine days, devotees keep severe fasting and performing religious activities. This practice was originated during the Ramayana epic when Ram observes fasting for nine days before attacking Lanka to kill Ravana on the advice of Sage Narad. Significantly, Maa Durga killed the ferocious demon Mahishasur during the Navami night after fighting for nine days. Since then, she is also known as Mahishasurmardini or the annihilator of Mahishasur. Hence, tenth day is celebrated as the Dussehra and symbol of victory of good over evil.
Devotees worshiping the Goddess with observing Vrat and obeying the rules never face problems. This is because it is believed that Mata takes care of its devotees and takes reincarnation to punish demons in this world. Devotees can worship the Goddess in the temple and at home after calling priest to perform ritual. This will lead to spiritual development and bring closer to Goddess to acquire her blessing incessantly. Perform the puja with complete items and devotedly to acquire the maximum blessing from the eternal mother.